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Survey on Perceptions of Social Fairness and Their Implications for Social Governance Innovation

Social Sciences in China, 2018

Vol. 39, No. 3, 2018

 

Survey on Perceptions of Social Fairness and Their Implications for Social Governance Innovation

(Abstract)

 

Gao Yandong and Qin Han

 

At the present stage, social fairness or equity is an important area of governance in China, and increasing the level of fairness is an important theme of work. In 2016, the Chinese government laid down specific arrangements and operations relating to equity in education, social security, market competition, etc. The participatory governance model entails testing policy outcomes in relation to the sense of fairness of the mass of the people. Our survey found that perceptions of fairness are higher among middle- and high-income groups and are lower in the eastern region than in the central and western regions. In social security, however, perceptions of fairness and of improvements in the level of fairness are lower than they are for education and market competition. Overall, specific policies relating to fairness in education have been quite effective in enhancing people’s perceptions of fairness. Accordingly, if we are to make effective improvements in the fairness of social governance, we need a more rational distribution system that takes into account public opinion and expands the scope of fairness in social security.

 

Keywords: perceptions of social fairness, survey, social equity, social governance