Clarify Some Misunderstandings in the Comparative Study of Chinese and Western Philosophies
Social Sciences in China Review
Clarify Some Misunderstandings in the Comparative Study of Chinese and Western Philosophies (Abstract)
Several different opinions have gained certain popularity in the comparative study of Chinese and Western philosophies in the past 20 years. First, it is believed that Western philosophy is the “prototype” while Chinese philosophy is its “derivative.” Second, the translation of “metaphysics” into 形而上学（xingershangxue）in Chinese is mistranslated, and “being” is not a research object in Chinese philosophy. Third, Western philosophy only talks about the dualism of noumenon and phenomena, spirit and flesh, while Chinese philosophy talks only about holism of “the Way cannot be separated from the instruments (Daobuliqi)” and “the unity of form and spirit.” Fourth, it is argued that any interpretation of Chinese philosophy from the perspective of general logic and category implies a dismemberment of traditional thoughts; and any metaphysical innovation in Chinese philosophy is no other than “barbarians’ Chinese.” Fifth, it is believed that only Heidegger’s philosophy can activate sinology and promote conversation between Chinese and Western philosophies. These opinions seem to have some misunderstandings over the history of Chinese and Western philosophies. The author attempts to put forward his own opinions for discussion.