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Weekly News Collection

| 2017-01-19 | Hits:
(Chinese Social Sciences Today)

INTERNATIONAL RELATION

China to play more active role in global governance
China will be one of the main driving forces for various international organizations to reform and better serve their purpose in all areas, including world political issues, economy, social development, culture as well as military and security issues, said Wang Yizhou, deputy dean of the School of International Studies at Peking University, at a symposium on major country diplomatic strategy held by Tongji University on Jan. 7, 2017. China should clarify its position on global issues, make international rules more reasonable and make public goods more balanced, Wang said. With the recognition that the governance of China’s surrounding regions will be fundamental and exemplary to global governance, China is dedicated to improving its relationship with neighboring nations and promoting the refinement of an East Asian order, said Men Honghua, president of the Academy of Chinese Strategy at Tongji University.

 

ECONOMY

Real economy provides new momentum for China
Revitalizing the real economy is the main way to inject fresh momentum into China’s economic development, said Liu Zhibiao, a professor of economics from the Business School at Nanjing University, at a recent symposium on the economic development of East China’s Jiangsu Province. The key to revitalizing the real economy is changing the way companies get financing while further deleveraging and lowering costs as well as cutting overcapacity. The type of financing should be changed from loans to direct financing, such as securities and the stock market, Liu said. The rising costs of operating a company were caused in part by rising transaction costs stemming from irrational management. Low labor productivity was another contributing factor, Liu said.


 

HISTORY
Fujian Shipping laid basis for modern Chinese navy  

The 150 anniversary of the establishment of Fujian Shipping was marked by a symposium themed “Shipping and China’s Modernization” held in Mawei District of Fuzhou City, Fujian Province, the location of the shipping factory. Fujian Shipping marked the beginning of China’s attempt to build a modern navy, which included initiating naval education, training crew and building ships, said Yang Xiaodan, deputy director of the Academic Institute of Naval Military. Fujian Shipping successfully promoted the development of technology in modern China and trained the first group of shipbuilders and mariners despite its failure in business, said Yu Heping, a research fellow from the Institute of Modern History at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Fujian Shipping was recognized as a pioneer of China’s modernization and industrialization, and its development model paved the way for later enterprises, Yu said.

 

PSYCHOLOGY

Studies on emotion support clinical treatment

About 60 percent to 70 percent of China’s adults suffer from varying degrees of emotional problems, such as depression or anxiety, said Luo Yuejia, a professor of psychology from the College of Psychology and Sociology at Shenzhen University, at the second Emotion and Health Psychology Symposium on Jan. 6, 2017 in Guangzhou. The interaction between emotion and cognition is the pathological cause of many psychological problems, Luo said. Revealing the neurological mechanisms of emotional disorders by understanding this interaction will lay the scientific foundation for clinical diagnosis and treatment, he said. Micro-expressions, which normally last for just a fraction of a second, usually reflect the true emotions people try to suppress and hide, said Fu Xiaolan, director-general of the Institute of Psychology at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Clinical psychologists may better treat patients by observing their micro-expressions, she said.