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| 2017-01-18 | Hits:
(Chinese Social Sciences Today)

INSTITUTION

CASS launches digital center for social sciences

The National Center for Philosophy and Social Sciences Documentation was launched by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) on Dec. 30, 2016 in Beijing. The website of the center provides links to more than 7,000 academic journals, offering information about more than 10 million pieces of academic literature. It will serve as a preliminary resource for gathering the databases of academic journals of philosophy and social sciences in Chinese and foreign languages as well as a database for research by CASS. The platform was launched after three months of design, and it follows the principles of rational planning, concentrated investment, joint establishment, convenience and nationwide sharing. It is expected to be a significant provider of information about literature on philosophy and social sciences in China as well as a platform for academic exchange and communication.


FORUM

Studies on Dongba culture require more platforms

Most ancient books in the Dongba script have been scattered around the world, and the ones that originated from China are no exception, said Xu Xiaoli, a professor of information technology from Beijing Information, Science and Technology University at the Forum for Studies on Establishing an International Digital Platform for Ancient Dongba Books held on Dec. 25, 2016 in Beijing. Dongba classics are in danger of extinction because the literature is scattered and the priests capable of interpreting them are aging, Xu said. In order to establish a digital platform for Dongba culture, information technology may help to identify the graphs and pronunciation of Dongba hieroglyphs and interpret the classics. Technology could also help to collect, process, store and transmit the digitalized form of Dongba classics, said Wu Guoxin, a colleague of Xu.

 

Loss of identity obstructs oral history progress
The development of oral history and studies on cultural heritage have been obstructed by the fact that they were not included in the education system as a discipline, said Zhou Xinguo, former president of Yangzhou University, at the International Symposium on Local Experience and Pluralistic Development of International Oral History held by the Institute of Modern History (IMH) under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences from Dec. 26 to 27, 2016 in Guangzhou. Officially including them into education will promote the development of oral history in China by coordinating with the UNESCO’s efforts to protect human oral and memory heritage, Zhou said. Transcripts of oral history, which were processed by memory, presented by narration and collected by oral history researchers, will no doubt have some discrepancies with the objective historical facts, said Zuo Yuhe, a research fellow from IMH, adding historians should be able to discover the truth from the memories.


REPORT

Targeted education helps start businesses

The 2016 Report on Undergraduate Self-employment was released by Renmin University of China (RUC) on Dec. 28, 2016 in Beijing. The report suggests that 20 percent of undergraduates in school show strong interest in starting their own businesses in such industries as food, agriculture, IT, transportation as well as education and culture. The courses about entrepreneurial designed by universities have fueled the enthusiasm of undergraduates, who value the professional knowledge they may learn for self-employment. In regard to switching to relevant majors, some universities give preference to applications by entrepreneurial undergraduates. This policy was considered by the students as the most welcomed way to encourage self-employment, according to the report. Mao Jiye, dean of the Business School at RUC, said universities should provide various groups of undergraduates with more accurate aid and support, targeting their individual needs and troubles.